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Cornwall Police reaching out to educate public on Highway Traffic Act

Media Release
Cornwall Police Service

Cornwall Police reaching out to educate public on Highway Traffic Act
The Cornwall Community Police Service wishes to educate the public on safety, City of Cornwall by-laws and rules and regulations under the Highway Traffic Act of Ontario. As of late, there has been a lot of confusion regarding the use of bicycles, e-bicycles and motorized scooters on our city streets.
PHOTO CREDIT - CornwallTourism.com

Cornwall - Jul. 26, 2011 - This three part-series will serve as an educational tool for all cyclists and mobility riders in our community. The Cornwall Community Police Service wishes to educate the public on safety, City of Cornwall by-laws and rules and regulations under the Highway Traffic Act of Ontario. As of late, there has been a lot of confusion regarding the use of bicycles, e-bicycles and motorized scooters on our city streets. The Cornwall Community Police Service has compiled a list of FAQ’s (Frequently Asked Questions) to help with this. This first part will concentrate on bicycles and bicycle safety. The Cornwall Community Police Service will also embark on a three phase effort to deal effectively with recent issues with bicycles and other transportation devices.

The first phase will concentrate on education and awareness. The second phase will be a warning campaign and finally the third phase will consist of an enforcement campaign.

General Definitions and Driving Rules under the Corporation of the City of Cornwall By-Law No. 069, 1989 Traffic And Parking By-Law

Bicycle: includes any device which has two tandem wheels and is propelled by human power and upon which any person may ride, and includes a tricycle and a unicycle, but does not include a motor assisted vehicle.

Motor Assisted Bicycle means a bicycle:
a) fitted with pedals which are operable at all times to propel the bicycle;
b) weighing not more than fifty-five (55) kilograms;
c) which has no hand or foot operated clutch or gearbox driven by the motor and transferring power to the driven wheel;
d) have an attached motor driven by electricity or having a piston displacement of not more than fifty (50) cubic centimetres, and
e) which does not have sufficient power to enable the bicycle to attain a speed greater than fifty (50) kilometres per hour on level ground within a distance of two (2) kilometres from a standing start.

Motor Vehicle: includes an automobile, motorcycle, motor assisted bicycle, unless otherwise indicated in the Highway Traffic Act, and any other vehicle propelled or driven otherwise than by muscular power, but does not include the cars of electric or steam railways, or other motor vehicles running only upon rails, or a motorized snow vehicle, traction engine, farm tractor, self-propelled implement of husbandry or road-building machine within the meaning of the Highway Traffic Act.

Sidewalk: includes all such parts of a highway as are set aside by the Corporation for the use of pedestrians or used by the general public for the passage of pedestrians;

Wheelchair: means a chair mounted on wheels driven by muscular, or any other kind of power and used for the carriage of a person who has a physical defect or disability.

DRIVING RULES:
39. (1) No person shall drive a motor vehicle upon a sidewalk or footpath on a highway except for the purpose of directly crossing the sidewalk or footpath.

Bicycles
In the Highway Traffic Act, the definition of bicycle includes tricycles and unicycles but not motor-assisted bicycles. You do not need a drivers licence to operate a bicycle in Ontario. A bicycle is defined as a device which has two tandem wheels and is propelled by human power and upon which any person may ride, and includes a tricycle and a unicycle, but does not include a motor assisted bicycle.

A bicycle is a vehicle that:

  • has steering handlebars and is equipped with pedals

  • is designed to be propelled by muscular power

  • has no age restriction for operators

  • can be operated on most roadways (e.g., not allowed to travel on 400 series highways)

  • cannot be operated across a roadway within a pedestrian cross-over

    An operator must wear a bicycle helmet if under 18 and operating the bicycle on the road. If the operator is under 16 it is the duty of the operator's parent or guardian to ensure that he/she wears a helmet. If the person is 16 or 17 it is his or her personal responsibility to wear a helmet.

    No passengers are allowed if the bicycle is only meant for one person. When going slower than the rest of traffic, cyclists should stay as close to the right edge of the road as is practicable. Cyclists are allowed to safely use the full lane if staying close to the right edge of the road is unsafe.

    General Definitions and Driving Rules under the Corporation of the City of Cornwall By-Law No. 069, 1989 Traffic And Parking By-Law

    The City of Cornwall Traffic and Parking By-law’s definition of “bicycle” means a device which has two tandem wheels and is propelled by human power and upon which any person may ride, and includes a tricycle and a unicycle, but does not include a motor assisted vehicle.

    Section 50 of the City of Cornwall Traffic and Parking by-law:

    50 (1) A person driving a bicycle upon a roadway shall:

    a) drive as near the right-hand side of the roadway as practical, and

    b) exercise due care when passing a parked, stopped or standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction.

    (2) A person operating a bicycle upon a highway designated for one-way traffic shall:

    a) drive as near the right-hand or left-hand side of the roadway as practicable, and

    b) exercise due care when passing a standing vehicle or one proceeding in the same direction.

    (3) Persons operating bicycles upon a roadway shall do so in single file.

    (4) No person operating a bicycle shall carry any package, bundle or article which prevents the rider from keeping both hands on the handle bars.

    (5) No person riding a bicycle on a highway shall remove his or her feet from the pedals while the bicycle is in motion.

    (6) No person shall park a bicycle on a highway except in such a manner as to cause the least possible obstruction to pedestrian or vehicular traffic.

    (7) No person shall ride a bicycle with a wheel or wheels more than 60 cm. in diameter upon a sidewalk on any highway.

    (8) No person above the age of 12 years shall ride a bicycle upon a sidewalk.

    Enforcement
    A bicycle is a vehicle under the Ontario Highway Traffic Act (HTA). This means that, as a bicyclist, you have the same rights and responsibilities to obey all traffic laws as other road users. Cyclists charged for disobeying traffic laws will be subject to a minimum set fine and a Victim Surcharge fine of $20.00 for most offences (please note set fines below are subject to change).

    HTA

    HTA


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