Top Left Header
Header
News
Arrow

Cornwall Police issue education notice on e-Bikes

Media Release
Cornwall Police Service

Cornwall Police issue education notice on e-Bikes
The Cornwall Community Police Service wishes to educate the public on safety, City of Cornwall by-laws and rules and regulations under the Highway Traffic Act of Ontario. As of late, there has been a lot of confusion regarding the use of bicycles, e-bicycles and motorized scooters on our city streets.
PHOTO CREDIT - CornwallPolice.com

Cornwall - Jul. 28, 2011 -

Education on E-Bikes

E-BIKE QUESTIONS ANSWERED- PART II

Electric Bicycles ("e-bikes") 

What is a power-assisted bicycle (“e-bike”)?

For use in the Province of Ontario, a power-assisted bicycle, or e-bike, is a bicycle that:

  • Weight under 120 kg (includes the weight of bike and battery);
  • Has wheels with a diameter of at least 350 mm and width of at least 35 mm; and
  • Meets the federal definition of a power-assisted bicycle:
    • has steering handlebars and is equipped with pedals,
    • is designed to travel on not more than three wheels in contact with the ground,
    • is capable of being propelled by muscular power,
    • has one or more electric motors that have, singly or in combination, the following characteristics:
      • it has a total continuous power output rating, measured at the shaft of each motor, of 500 W or less,
      • if it is engaged by the use of muscular power, power assistance immediately ceases when the muscular power ceases,
      • if it is engaged by the use of an accelerator controller, power assistance immediately ceases when the brakes are applied, and
      • it is incapable of providing further assistance when the bicycle attains a speed of 32 km/h on level ground,
    • bears a label that is permanently affixed by the manufacturer and appears in a conspicuous location stating, in both official languages, that the vehicle is a power-assisted bicycle as defined federally, and
    • has one of the following safety features,
      • an enabling mechanism to turn the electric motor on and off that is separate from the accelerator controller and fitted in such a manner that it is operable by the driver, or
      • a mechanism that prevents the motor from being engaged before the bicycle attains 3 km/hr.

 

Safety and Equipment Requirements

What safety requirements are in place for e-bikes? Aren’t they, particularly those resembling scooters, heavier than conventional bicycles? Can’t they accelerate from a stopped-position much faster?

To operate an e-bike on Ontario’s public roads, the following vehicle safety and operator requirements are in place:

  • E-bike must not weigh more than 120 kg (includes the weight of bike and battery) and the maximum braking distance is nine metres.
  • All operators and passengers must be at least 16 years of age.
  • All operators and passengers must wear an approved bicycle or motorcycle helmets.
  • All electrical terminals must be completely covered.
  • Two independent braking systems consistent with requirements for motorcycles and motor-assisted bicycles (mopeds) that applies force to each wheel and is capable of bringing the e-bike, while being operated at a speed of 30 km/h, to a full stop within 9 metres from the point at which the brakes were applied.
  • The minimum wheel width or diameter shall not be less than 35mm/350mm.
  • No modifications to the motor to allow it to exceed a power output greater than 500W and a speed greater than 32 km/h.
  • The battery and motor must be securely fastened to the vehicle to prevent them from moving while the e-bike is operating.

 


 My e-bike weighs more than 120 kg. Am I allowed to operate this vehicle in Ontario?

No, currently only e-bikes weighing 120 kg and under are allowed to be operated on Ontario’s public roads as e-bikes. A weight greater than 120 kg will no longer qualify as an e-bike.  Limited-speed motorcycle (LSM) requirements such as licensing, registration and insurance may then apply.


 

Am I allowed to carry passengers on my e-bike?

 

Under the Highway Traffic Act, sec. 178(2), passengers are not allowed on a bicycle designed for one person.

 


 

Will municipalities be able to pass by-laws to prohibit e-bikes?

 

Yes.  Municipalities have the ability where e-bikes may travel and may do so at their own discretion.

 


 

 Operating Requirements

What do I need to operate an e-bike?

To operate an e-bike:

  • No driver's licence is required
  • No written test is required
  • No vehicle registration or plate is required
  • No motor vehicle liability insurance is required
  • All operators/riders/passengers must be 16 years of age and older. Passengers can only be on the e-bike if its’ designed to carry passengers.
  • Regardless of age, all persons operating an e-bike are required to wear an approved bicycle or motorcycle helmet.

 

What are the rules for wearing a helmet?

Anyone operating or riding on an e-bike is required to wear an approved bicycle or motorcycle helmet. There are no age exemptions.


On what roads can an e-bike travel?

E-bikes are allowed to travel anywhere bicycles are permitted to travel.  Any municipal by-law prohibiting bicycles from highways under their jurisdiction also apply to e-bikes. Municipalities may also pass by-laws specific to e-bikes that prohibit them from municipal roads, sidewalks, bike paths, bike trails, and bike lanes under their jurisdiction.

E-bikes, like bicycles, are not allowed on controlled-access highways such as 400 series highways, the Queen Elizabeth Way, the Queensway in Ottawa or the Kitchener-Waterloo Expressway, or on municipal roads, including sidewalks where bicycles are banned under municipal by-laws.


 If my driver’s licence has been suspended, can I legally operate an e-bike?

It depends on the particular circumstances that lead to the licence suspension.  If your driver's licence suspension was related to a conviction under the Criminal Code of Canada, you cannot legally operate an e-bike.  If your driver's licence has been suspended under these or other circumstances, it is recommended that you discuss your situation with a licensed legal practitioner before deciding to operate an e-bike.


 

 Enforcement

 

If a police officer stopped someone who was drunk while driving an e-bike, how would they be charged?

 

Drinking and driving a motor vehicle is a Criminal Code offence and charges are laid under the Criminal Code of Canada. Under the Criminal Code, the definition of a "motor vehicle" would include an e-bike and anyone operating an e-bike intoxicated could be charged for impaired driving. If convicted, the offender would be subject to the Criminal Code penalties, including a fine or jail time, and a driving prohibition.

 


 Are the fines for e-bike offences the same as bicycle offences?

Yes. All the set fines established for violating rules of the road and equipment standards that apply to bicyclists apply to drivers of e-bikes.
For example:


Offence

HTA Section - Bicycle*

Set Fine

Court Fee

Victim Fine

Total

Improper lighting

62(17)*

$ 20.00

$ 5.00

$ 10.00

$ 35.00

Improper brakes

64(2)

$ 85.00

$ 5.00

$ 20.00

$ 110.00

No bell or defective bell

75(5)

$ 85.00

$ 5.00

$ 20.00

$ 110.00

Fail to wear proper helmet

104(2.1)*

$ 60.00

$ 5.00

$ 20.00

$ 85.00

Disobey stop sign, fail to stop

136(1)(a)

$ 85.00

$ 5.00

$ 20.00

$ 110.00

Red light - fail to stop

144(18)

$ 150.00

$ 5.00

$ 25.00

$ 180.00

Careless driving

130

$ 260.00

$ 5.00

$ 60.00

$ 325.00

Fail to yield to pedestrian

140(1)(a)

$ 85.00

$ 5.00

$ 20.00

$ 110.00

Drive wrong way - one way traffic

153

$ 85.00

$ 5.00

$ 20.00

$ 110.00

Bicycle - fail to turn out to right when overtaken

148(6)*

$ 85.00

$ 5.00

$ 20.00

$ 110.00

Cyclist - ride in or along crosswalk

144(29)*

$ 85.00

$ 5.00

$ 20.00

$ 110.00

Cyclist - fail to stop or to identify self

218(2)*

$ 85.00

$ 5.00

$ 20.00

$ 110.00

Ride 2 on a bicycle

178(2)*

$ 85.00

$ 5.00

$ 20.00

$ 110.00

*HTA offences specific to the operation of bicycles and to bicyclists


 If I get stopped by a police officer while riding my e-bike, do I need to show ID?

Under the Highway Traffic Act, section 218, cyclists must stop and identify themselves when required to stop by police for breaking traffic laws. The police officer will ask you for your correct name and address.

 

-30-

This news release was published by the Cornwall Community Police Service. For additional information contact the Media Relations Spokesperson at (613) 933-5000.


Follow OurHometown.ca on... Follow Us on Facebook Follow Us on Twitter Follow us on RSS Follow Us with E-Mail Updates!
Send Us Your Thoughts


Title - Story Count
7,932 Stories & Growing Daily...

To date OurHometown.ca has posted a total of 7,932 stories! News, sports, hockey, lifestyle, opinion and more!

Be sure to check out our Contributors and Columnists archives!


Title - More OH Headlines
Click on Photo or Story Title for more info
Downtown Windsor Farmer’s Market Opens Saturday, May 25
Ford’s review of WSIB will mean less support for injured Ontario workers
Ontario Appoints Special Advisors to Review Workplace Safety and Insurance Board
Peace Fountain installation delayed
Prime Minister announces renewal of Canadian Coast Guard fleet
OurHometown.ca News Database Last Updated:
May. 24, 2019 @ 9:17 AM EDT



Footer
Free Sitemap Generator